The Development Methods Of Developed Countries To Promote Manufacturing Industry
Manufacturing is an important part of the national economy. In recent years, the United States, Germany, Japan, South Korea and other countries attach great importance to the development of the manufacturing industry, have introduced manufacturing development strategies, and vigorously support the research and development of advanced manufacturing technologies to promote the development of their manufacturing industries. Increasing the R & D layout in frontier areas, focusing on the utilization of public-private cooperation and the formulation of standards, these measures have an important reference for building the competitive advantage of China's manufacturing industry.
Strengthen the government's coordinated management of the manufacturing industry, focus on manufacturing R & D implemented. The manufacturing of power often places emphasis on the coordinated overall management of the manufacturing industry in order to promote the development and implementation of advanced manufacturing research and development. The United States set up a special coordinating body and established a regular assessment and reporting mechanism. In 2012, the United States established the Advanced Manufacturing Country Planning Office (AMNP) under the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the Ministry of Commerce to coordinate cross-sectoral coordination of advanced manufacturing programs. The German manufacturing industry was jointly managed by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and the Ministry of Education and Research. Both departments started the construction of the upgraded Industry 4.0 platform in 2015. Experts from business, science associations and trade unions developed operational solutions with representatives of thematic ministries of the federal ministries that looked forward to future relevance in areas such as standardization and regulation and the safety of cyber systems, legal frameworks, research and organization of work problem. Overall, the German Industry 4.0 platform is responsible for the strategic research of Germany 4.0, developing and coordinating digital transformation of the entire industry with the goal of enhancing Industry 4.0 practices as a whole through dialogue with enterprises, unions and the government.
Aiming at the forefront of manufacturing innovation and strengthening R & D and deployment in key areas. With the continuous deepening of the new round of industrial revolution, industrial 4.0, industrial internet, advanced manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing have become global manufacturing concepts. All the major countries in the world are promoting the integration of manufacturing with a new generation of information technology in order to realize their own manufacturing To the digital, intelligent direction. In order to seize the commanding height of manufacturing competition, the United States, Germany, Japan and South Korea all aim at emerging frontier areas and increase the R & D and deployment of manufacturing-related technologies at the national level. New materials technology such as nanotechnology, 3D printing, intelligent manufacturing and other emerging manufacturing technologies are areas of universal importance. The integration of ICTs with other technologies is fueling the development of a new generation of manufacturing technology, sensing technology, robotics, artificial intelligence, and information physics systems that represent the future of technology.
Create manufacturing innovation platform network, strengthen common technology research and promotion. Advanced manufacturing power through the creation of innovative platforms and networks to support the development of platforms and common technologies. The United States has pushed forward the construction of a national manufacturing innovation network, put more effort into providing financial support for industry-common technologies and platform-based technologies, and unite all parties to speed up the innovation and commercialization of manufacturing technologies. Germany strongly supports flexible manufacturing systems, efficient research and development of innovative products, efficient use of resources and energy, manufacturing technologies related to electric vehicles, and Industry 4.0. German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and the Department of Education also launched the "Industrial 4.0 platform map", from the online map you can clearly see all over Germany, industrial 4.0 application examples and test points. Japan hopes to establish a networking platform for the creation of things (a hyper-intelligent social service platform) that will become the core of creating new value so as to realize the future vision of a super-smart society. To this end, Japan proposed to strengthen the basic technologies needed to build the platform, such as the "Internet of things system construction technology" for realizing the combination of hardware and software and for building and using large-scale systems. Japan will continue to improve its intellectual property and international standardization strategy and promote the development of common technologies that are indispensable for the construction of network security, Internet of Things system construction, big data analysis and artificial intelligence services.
To standardize as a guide, to strengthen the leadership and support for the manufacturing industry in the future. Standards are critical to manufacturing technology and the path to industrial development and are therefore the focus of attention for the advanced manufacturing powers. Standardization policies are an important part of Germany's economic and innovation policies. The German federal government hopes to promote innovation through standardization and pertinence. To this end, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology launched two projects, "Innovation and Standards" and "Achievements through Standardized Transfer of Research and Development". In order to solve the problem of complex system composition, we introduce the architecture model of RAMI4.0 and describe Industry 4.0 from the three dimensions of product life cycle / value chain, hierarchy and architecture level, which will help to improve the commonality of reference architecture, Guide enterprises in different industries to carry out Industry 4.0 practice.